Healthy eyes and accurate vision are essential to maintaining a high quality of life. At Grove City Vision Center, we believe that a thorough understanding of your visual system allows for better eye care. Here, our expert eye doctor in Columbus, Ohio, explains your visual system in detail.

The Components of Your Eyes

Your eyes are some of the most complex, yet delicate structures of your body. Here are the primary components of your eyes:

  • Cornea: This transparent, dome-shaped structure envelops the front part of your eyes. Its smooth, even surface helps with light reception and sharper image perception.
  • Pupil: Your pupil is the black circle in the center of your eye through which light enters.
  • Iris: The colored area of your eyes that regulates the amount of light entry, your iris controls your pupil size.
  • Lens: This transparent structure found behind the iris serves to focus light on the retin
  • Retina: Located at the back of your eyes, your retina is a thin layer of tissue lining that converts light into neural signals.
  • Optic Nerve: Your optic nerve carries these neural signals to the occipital lobe of the brain for image translation.

How the Components of Your Eyes Work Together

Our experienced eye doctor in Grove City, Ohio, explains that light bounces off an object when you look at it. This light passes through your cornea and enters your eye through your pupil, which grows larger or smaller (regulated by the iris) depending on the amount of light. Your lens then focuses the received light directly on the retina, which converts it to nerve signals. The optic nerve transports these signals to the brain for visual interpretation.

How We Can Help Maintain Your Visual Health

All parts of your eyes play important roles in ensuring your visual health. For healthy eyes, we advise eating foods that are rich in eye-friendly nutrients. We also suggest quitting sight-threatening habits, like smoking and excessive use of blue-light emitting gadgets.

Most importantly, we recommend having regular eye exams. Our expert optometrists in Columbus, Ohio, can perform various tests and procedures to check for any structural changes or vision irregularities. We will then create a treatment plan that addresses your eye care needs.

If you have any further questions on how your eyes work, call us at 614.875.8373. You may also send us a message to request an appointment.